Poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac

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Poison Ivy



Poison ivy and poison oak both have 3 leaves per stem. Poison ivy leaves often are shiny. You may have heard the saying, “Leaflets three, let them be.”




Poison Oak

Poison Oak



Poison oak usually turns red in the fall and leaves may more resemble that of an Oak tree leaf.





Poison Sumac

Poison Sumac



Poison sumac has 7 to 11 leaflets.






  • Remove all clothes and shoes that have touched the plant and wash in hot water with plenty of detergent.
  • Take a cold shower, soak the affected area in cold water. Use soap when you shower.
  • Do not share towels with an affected person.
  • For itch relief, use an over-the-counter antihistamine, such as Calamine lotion or Benadryl.
  • For weeping blisters, mix 2 teaspoons of baking soda in 4 cups of water. Dip gauze squares in solution and cover the blisters for 10 minutes, 4 times a day. Do not apply this procedure to eyes.
  • Wash all affected clothes and shoes with hot water and a strong soap. Bathe pets that have come in contact with the plant. The sap can stay on pets for many days. Clean items used to wash clothing and pets. Wear rubber gloves when you do all these things.
  • Do not scratch or rub the rash.

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If  any of these 3 plants have been ingested, get immediate emergency treatment, or call 911


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Use a triangular arm bandage to secure an injured, dislocated or broken bone in the arm. This bandage opens to a large, triangle-shape.

To make an arm sling with a triangular bandage:

Open the bandage and place an elongated end over the shoulder that is opposite to the injured arm, so the remaining bandage is covering your chest hanging towards the ground.

Bend the injured arm across the body horizontal to the ground, with the bandage behind it. The short triangle point of the bandage should be at the elbow.

Grab the corner of the triangle that is pointing towards the ground and bring it up across your body, over the injured shoulder and tie around the back of the neck with the other end. Be sure not to tie any hair into the knot. If the knot is uncomfortable or digs into the neck, place a small pad or towel behind it.

To further secure the edge behind the elbow, tie it in a knot, or fold it around to the front of the arm as far as it will go and secure it with a safety pin.

Alternatively, you can wrap a triangular bandage around a splinted bone to provide additional support.
Or fold and use for a bandanna or circular head bandage.


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