Life Saving First Aid For Unconscious Victims
Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is used in emergencies when someone’s heart stops beating, or when the person stops breathing. The CPR procedure involves pushing down on the chest and breathing into the mouth. It assists blood moving to the person’s brain to help prevent brain damage and can help keep someone alive until emergency teams arrive.
1. Check for responsiveness:
- Tap the person’s shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?”
- Look for normal breathing.
- If the victim does not respond or wake within about 10 seconds, call 911 and proceed to step 2.
- If the victim wakes, moans, or moves, then CPR is not necessary at this time. Call 911 if the victim is confused or unable to speak.
2. Begin chest compressions:
- Place the heel of your hand in the middle of the victim’s chest. Put your other hand on top of the first with your fingers interlaced.
- Compress the chest about 1.5 to 2 inches. Compress the chest at a rate of 100/minute…this is faster than one compression per second.
- Perform 30 compressions at this rate.
3. Begin Rescue Breathing:
- Check for breathing. If not breathing, tilt the head back and lift the chin.
- Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Use a CPR mask, if available.
- Let the chest fall, then repeat the rescue breath once more.
- Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second.
4. Keep repeating 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths for about two minutes.
5. After about 2 minutes, stop and recheck victim for breathing. If the victim is not breathing, continue chest compressions and rescue breaths.
6. Stop CPR Only If:
- A defibrillator arrives and is about to be used.
- The victim shows signs of life such as coughing, breathing etc.
- You are asked to stop by a healthcare professional (ambulance crew etc.)
- You become too exhausted to continue.
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